Midnight this Tuesday 14 September is the closing date for submissions on the Births, Deaths, Marriages and Relationships Registration (BDMRR) Bill.
Rainbow Path supports this Bill. It is a huge step forward for trans and non-binary people born In Aotearoa. However, it excludes most trans, non-binary and intersex asylum seekers, refugees and migrants.
Together we can push for legal gender recognition for ALL of our communities.
What’s wrong with the Bill
The Bill will make the process for changing sex details on a NZ birth certificate much simpler, based on a person’s self-defined identity. However, it:
- fails to introduce any form of legal gender recognition for asylum seekers and refugees on temporary visas and
- removes existing rights for quota refugees and migrants who have permanent residence.
What you can do
The Select Committee is asking people to make submissions on the final proposed changes to the BDMRR Bill. Those changes are contained in Supplementary Order Paper (SOP) 59. One of the examples mentioned explicitly on the Select Committee’s website explains how the SOP affects people born overseas. That proposed change says:
- “that the self-identification provisions cannot be used to change the individual’s birth records from another country”.
This means that legal gender recognition issues for asylum seekers, refugees and migrants are part of the Select Committee’s Inquiry.
In our last blog, Rainbow Path explained the different issues each of these groups may face. Now that we have the wording of the SOP, we have developed some specific recommendations for the Select Committee.
Rainbow Path is asking for your support for these three issues and recommendations
Step 1: Read Rainbow Path’s key points and recommendations
Below is a summary of Rainbow Path’s submission. People are very welcome to say you support our submission.
- The SOP and the Bill remove permanent residents’ existing right to legal gender recognition
- Permanent residents born overseas will no longer be able to go the Family Court to get a Declaration as to Sex that has their correct sex recorded, based on their gender. This removes two existing rights:
- Permanent residents who were born in other countries that have a gender recognition law (e.g. the UK), used that Declaration as to Sex from the NZ Family Court as evidence to change their birth certificate overseas. They will no longer be able to do that.
- Permanent residents could use this Declaration as to Sex in Aotearoa as proof of their correct sex / gender. This is especially important for people whose overseas passport has their old name and/or sex marker.
- This is a backward step for permanent residents, including quota refugees (who arrive here as permanent residents)
- That the NZ government ensures permanent residents retain their right to obtain official documents with their correct gender and name, through an administrative process based on self-determination (self-identification) so that it is consistent with the changes the Bill is making for other trans, non-binary and intersex people in Aotearoa.
2. The SOP and Bill provide no options for asylum seekers and Convention refugees on temporary visas
The current legal situation
Asylum seekers and Convention refugees on temporary visas cannot change their name in Aotearoa or go to the Family Court to get a Declaration as to Sex. The SOP and Bill will continue to explicitly exclude them because they were born overseas.
- When an asylum seeker is recognised as a Convention refugee, New Zealand accepts that it is unsafe for this person to return to their country of origin and that they have nowhere else to go. Aotearoa is their home, and yet they cannot obtain an official document with their correct name and sex / gender marker.
What Rainbow Path has been lobbying for
Rainbow Path members have been lobbying since 2018 for asylum seekers and Convention refugees to be able to obtain official documentation with their correct name and sex / gender marker. Without such documents, they face immense barriers trying to access basic fundamental services, and potential danger every time they use outdated ID from their country of nationality.
- This official document must not include the trans person’s original name or sex marker or in any other way disclose that they are trans. Doing so would pose significant safety risks for those fleeing persecution for being transgender, including for partners or family members overseas. This is why a document like a name change certificate is not a suitable option for transgender refugees and asylum seekers to use on its own to verify their identity.
- A certificate of identity with the correct name and gender is potentially one solution, as it is a document that both the Department of Internal Affairs and Immigration NZ can issue for some asylum seekers people in Aotearoa on temporary visas. A refugee travel document from the Department of Internal Affairs can be issued to someone after their refugee status has been confirmed.
- That the NZ government issues trans, non-binary and intersex asylum seekers and Convention refugees on temporary visas with an official document with their correct name and gender e.g. a certificate of identity issued by the Department of Internal Affairs and/or Immigration NZ.
3. The Bill provides no options for other migrants in NZ on temporary visas
The current legal situation
- The existing Family Court process, the SOP and the Bill all exclude migrants living in New Zealand who are on temporary visas. Some may have lived in New Zealand for a long time.
- Trans and non-binary people born overseas, particularly people of colour, are regularly asked to show their passport to prove their immigration status, including their ability to work or study here. They face significant challenges when they have no New Zealand documentation with a name and gender / sex marker that matches their affirmed gender.
- Rainbow Path supports the need for a legal gender recognition process for these migrants too based on self-identification, for example through a statutory declaration process.
- There is a growing number of countries overseas that allow migrants on temporary visas to change their name and/or sex details after living in the country for a minimum number of months or a year.
- That the NZ government explores options for migrants on temporary visas to be able to obtain an official document with their correct name and gender through a simple, administrative, self-declaration process.
Step 2: Explain why these issues are important to you
It is really important to not just copy and paste our blog post. Use your own words to describe why these issues are important.
Share your personal experiences, and your hopes that the government will ensure any trans, non-binary or intersex person living in Aotearoa can have an official document with their correct name and sex marker.
If you don’t know a lot about the experiences of asylum seekers and refugees, there are still things you can say. Here are just two examples.
- Most trans or non-binary people born in Aotearoa also know what it’s like not having a birth certificate with your correct details. Many have been able to change your NZ passport and use that as an ID, because that process is already based on a simple self-declaration form. Imagine what it’s like for someone who can’t change their name or sex details details on an overseas passport (or birth certificate) and isn’t eligible for a NZ passport because they are not a NZ citizen.
- Migrants who aren’t trans will know how often people ask you to prove your immigration status in Aotearoa. Imagine what that’s like when none of your documents have a name, sex marker or photo that sounds or looks like you.
Step 3: Make a submission online
- has a general guide to making submissions to Select Committees.
- wrote a specific BDMRR submission guide and
- has put their submission on the SOP on their website.
Send your submission to the Select Committee before midnight this Tuesday 14 September.
- You can write your submission directly into the online form on the Select Committee’s website, or upload a file there.
Thanks a lot for your support – together we can do this!